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Table 2 Frequency of symptoms in MSA-C patients at presentation and first scan

From: Is 1H-MR spectroscopy useful as a diagnostic aid in MSA-C?

Symptom Presentation First Scan
Number of patients 20 20
Urinary Frequency 9 (45)a 11 (55)
Urgency 13 (65) 13 (65)
Incontinence 9 (45) 9 (45)
Nocturia 9 (45) 11 (55)
Bladder dysfunction 19 (95) 19 (95)
Orthostatic Hypotension BP fall 15 (75) 15 (75)
Significant BP 13 (65) 13 (65)
Symptomatic 5 (25) 8 (40)
Impotence 11 (78.6)b 11 (78.6)b
Cerebellar Syndrome Gait ataxia 20 (100) 20 (100)
Limb ataxia 20 (100) 20 (100)
Dysarthria 17 (85) 17 (85)
Nystagmus 10 (50) 10 (50)
Cerebellar dysfunction 20 (100) 20 (100)
Parkinsonism Tremor 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Rigidity 3 (15) 3 (15)
Other Vivid dreams 6 (30) 6 (30)
Hyper-reflexia 7 (35) 7 (35)
  1. aNumber of MSA-C subjects with symptom (% of total number of MSA-C subjects with symptom)
  2. b11 of the 14 male subjects presented with impotence