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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of reported cases with idiopathic SS

From: Idiopathic superficial siderosis of the central nervous system

Author Gender Age (years) Symptoms duration (years) Reported symptoms
Chen et al Male 62 1.5 Slurred speech and ataxia
Stabile et al Male 45 8 Progressive gait difficulties, tinnitus and emotional liability
Vale et al Male 49 6 Cerebellar ataxia, bilateral auditory loss, mild cognitive impairment
Matsuyama et al Male 59 4 Cerebellar ataxia, hearing loss and disturbance of memory
Posti et al 1 Female
1 Male
F: 66
M: 59
F: 1
F: Severe headache, photophobia, meningismus, and nausea
M:Unconsciousness and hemiparesis
Nakane et al Female 57 Not reported Sensorineural hearing impairment, cerebellar ataxia, pyramidal tract signs, dysarthria, and neurogenic bladder
Phanthumchinda et al Male 58 5 Chronic progressive hearing loss and gait instability
Kresojević et al. Female 71 7 Progressive bilateral hearing loss, unsteady gate, hand clumsiness and dysarthria