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Table 1 Scientists who made a major contribution to cerebellar researcha

From: The mystery of the cerebellum: clues from experimental and clinical observations

Family Name Year Discovery
Malacarne 1776 Cerebellar foliation
Rolando 1809 Cerebellar lesions impair posture and voluntary movement
Flourens 1824 Cerebellar lesions are linked to muscle incoordination
Magendie 1824 Cerebellar peduncles contribute to coordination
Luciani 1891 triad of atonia/asthenia/astasia
Lugaro 1894 Description of the elements of the cerebellar cortex
Babinski 1899-1906 Description of asynergia and adiadochokinesia
Sherrington 1900 Cerebellum regulates a complex proprioceptive system
Holmes 1904-1939 Detailed reports on cerebellar dysmetriadow and kinetic tremor
Cajal 1911 Description of the fine network structure of the cerebellar cortex
Larsell 1937-1972 Identification of the 10 cerebellar lobules (I-X)
Eccles 1963-1967 Studies on neuronal connectivity in the cerebellar cortex
Voogd 1964-1969 Longitudinal organization of the cerebellum
Ito 1964 Purkinje neurons inhibit cerebellar nuclei neurons
Gilman 1969 Cerebellum tunes the activity of muscle spindles
Marr and Albus 1969-1971 Computational theory of learning
Llinas 1974 Strong electrotonic coupling between inferior olivary cells
Hallett 1975 Cerebellum controls the timing of muscles discharges
Oscarsson 1976 Microzone as the functional unit of the cerebellar cortex
Gilbert and Thach 1977 Motor adaptation is associated with an increase in the firing of complex spikes
Ito and Kano 1982-1984 Long-term depression (LTD) Cerebellar microcomplexes
Haines and Dietrichs 1984 Reciprocal anatomical connections between the hypothalamus and the cerebellum
Mugnaini 1994 Discovery of unipolar brush cells
Schmahmann 1998 Description of Schmahmann’s syndrome
Strick 2005 Reciprocal anatomical connections between cerebellum and basal ganglia
  1. aModified from Manto and Haines, 2012