The recessive ataxia ARCA2 is a rare disorder characterized by Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency due to biallelic mutations in ADCK3 gene. Despite the pathophysiological role, available data are not univocal on clinical efficacy of CoQ10 supplementation in ARCA2. Here we described the long-term motor outcome of 4 untreated ARCA2 patients prospectively followed-up for one year after starting CoQ10 oral supplementation (15 mg/kg/day).
Clinical rating scales (SARA; 9 holes peg test; 6 min walking test; Timed 25-Foot Walk) and videoelectronic gait analysis were performed at baseline and every 6 months (T0, T1, T2) to evaluate the motor performances. Since two patients discontinued the treatment at the 7th month, we could provide comparative analysis between longer and shorter supplementation.
At T2, the gait speed (Timed 25-Foot Walk test) significantly differed between patients with long and short treatment; overall, the clinical condition tended to be better in patients continuing CoQ10.
Although preliminarily, this observation suggests that only prolonged and continuous CoQ10 supplementation may induce mild clinical effects on general motor features of ARCA2. Dedicated trials are now necessary to extend and validate such observation.